Mathematics and Art
The connection between mathematics and art goes back thousands of
years. The ancient Greeks and Romans used mathematics in sculptures and
to aesthetically design buildings. In the 15th century Leonardo da Vinci
wrote "Let no one read me who is not a mathematician." In the 16th century
Durer employed mathematics to introduce perspective in drawings. In the
18th and 19th centuries mathematics was extensively used in the design
of Gothic cathedrals, Rose windows, mosaics and tilings. In the 20th
century geometric forms were fundamental to the cubists and many abstract
expressionists. In recent decades several award winning sculptors have
used topology as the basis for their pieces. The close connection between
mathematics and art is most readily seen in the works of the Dutch artist
M. C. Escher. Among the mathematical ideas represented in his work are:
infinity, Möbius bands, tessellations, deformations, reflections,
Platonic solids, spirals, symmetry, and the hyperbolic plane.
This fish design can be interpreted as a repeating pattern in the
Poincare circle model of hyperbolic geometry. It is based on the regular
tessellation {10,3} and fish like those in M. C. Escher's print Circle
Limit III.
April is Mathematics Awareness Month.
Each year the mathematics community
celebrates the importance of mathematics in our lives.
The theme for 2003 was "Mathematics and Art".
Click on your refresh button to generate other content!
