Mathematics and the Cosmos
Mathematics is at the core of our attempts to understand the universe
at every level from the most theoretical to the most mundane. Modern
cosmology is based on the ideas of Riemann regarding the nature of space,
leading Einstein to predict many cosmological phenomena which have
since been confirmed experimentally. Other mathematical methods are
vital for carrying out simulations of the motions within galaxies and
star clusters, the collision of galaxies and black holes, and other
largescale gravitational interactions. Mathematical techniques allow
the planning of efficient trajectories to reach the moon, Mars and the
outer planets, and the means to communicate with those satellites, both
for navigation and for the encoding, compression, and transmission of
images across many hundreds of millions of miles of space, as in the
recent spectacular photographs from the Cassini mission to Saturn.
April is Mathematics Awareness Month.
Each year the mathematics community
celebrates the importance of mathematics in our lives.
The theme for 2005 is "Mathematics and the Cosmos".
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